Uzhavar Tirunal is a harvest festival and it is celebrated in the southern state of Tamil Nadu and other regions. It is also known as Pongal and it is a harvesting and a thanksgiving festival. Uzhavar Tirunal, a standout amongst the most vital well known Hindu celebrations of the year. This four-day celebration of thanksgiving to nature takes its name from the Tamil word signifying “to boil” and is held in the long stretch of January to February amid the season when rice and different cereals, turmeric, sugarcane, and turmeric are harvested. It is a Tamil festival and it is celebrated with joy and excitement.
The festival is known by different names in different places like in Maharashtra it is known as Makar Sankranti, in Punjab it is known as Lohri, in Uttar Pradesh, it is known as Kicheri. The festival consists of four days:
The first day is called as the Bhogi Day and according to the calendar it is celebrated mostly on the 13th January but sometimes it is also celebrated on the 14th of January.
The second day of Pongal is the day when the rice is boiled in the milk outdoors in the earthen pots. The festival is celebrated in small villages with the same devotion.
The third day of the festival is known as Mattu Pongal, the day for the cows. The cows are decorated on this day with different-different things and they are worshipped. Since cows are used to plow the fields, therefore on this day the cows are worshipped.
The fourth day is Thiruvalluvar Day. The day is dedicated to the Sun God, and it has its roots in the ancient Brahminical tradition. Pongal is a rural agrarian based festival and it celebrates the harvests, the sun becomes a major part of the ritual and people pray to him before starting anything.