Saint Kabir Das

Saint Kabir Das is one of the popular personalities of the Bhakti Movement of North India. He was born in the year 1398 AD. But, his follower kabirpanthis said that saint Kabir Das had lived up to nearly 120 years and died in the year 1518.  Hazari Prasad Trivedi, the researcher said that Kabir dead in the year 1448.The birth and death dates of Kabir Das is not yet known and it differs.   He is the great Indian saints who lived in India during the medieval period. He is better known for his composition the Guru Granth Sahib, popular Sikh scripture. He had composed many scripts of which his greatest composition includes 17 ragas, 237 slokhas, and 227 padas. 

He is considered as the predecessor of Guru Nanak, founder of the Sikh faith.  He contributes a lot to the Sikh religion. With his beautiful verse in the Sikh scripture, he admired every one during that period. Some of his followers called him the Preceptor of Saint Guru Nanak. Interestingly, there was a proof shown that Guru Nanak & Kabir Das never met each other during the medieval period. Govindval pothis is the popular composition of Kabir. It contains the hymns of Gurus which was created at the time of the Guru AmarDas Nanak III. In this script, they added Guru Granth Sahib but it is published later when the Holy book was compiled by Guru Arjan.

According to the legend, Kabir was born to Niru, Muslim weaver who adopted Kabir and taught him about weaving. He was lived in the 15th century after Christ. Many religious teachers had some reliable information about him during that period. He lived his life in Kashmir, now called as Varanasi. He was actually the son of a Widow but he was adopted by Niru. It is believed that he was married to a girl named Loi and the couple had two children. He belonged to the caste Julaha, which is a kind of caste where people make their living through weaving clothes.  He was probably belonged to Non-celebrate yogis converted but the information of which caste he belongs to is unknown.

He wrote few scripts about Muslim religion thus from his writing it is believed that he resembled Nath Yogis who realized their soul and body are different. Nath yogis control their mind through deep concentration, psycho-physical practices and breathe control. Kabir left Muslim but not adopted Hindu religion. Some of the Kabir’s poem has been widely used in the Indian music industry. The title song of Indian Ocean album song is an enthusiastic rendering of Kabir poem “The intricately woven basket”.  He followed two disciplines Dharmadas and Bhagodas. Some of the kabir’s songs were gathered by Kshitimohan sen who was a mendicant during that period. Some of these songs were translated into English by famous Noble prize winner Rabindranath Tagore. Two temples are dedicated to saint Kabir. One of them is maintained by Muslim and other is maintained by Hindu.

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