Narayana Guru is popularly known as Sri Narayana Guru. He was the social reformer of India. He was born on 20th September 1928. He belonged to Ezhava caste, which is considered as the depressed communities and people from those communities suffered a lot of troubles from higher classes. Ezhava caste is one of the depressed castes in Kerala. He founded a reform movement in Kerala and rejected casteism. He struggled a lot during those times. He founded this reform movement to demand the uplift of depressed and downtrodden people. He established few educational institutions to promote education and bright future to the poor & downtrodden people.
It is said that he was born to his parents Madan Asan and Kuttoyama in the village Chempazhanthy near Thiruvananthapuram. He has educated some part in a nearby village. He was influenced by great ideas of social movement, equality, religious reform. He also studied yoga those days. He taught what he studied. He taught Sanskrit, religion to the local kids in his village. His family life is unknown. However, according to Cryriac Pullapilly, he was married for a few years but he left his family life & followed asceticism.
He went to Aruvippuram and visited popular Shiva temple which belongs to bramin people. Later, Narayana Guru and his followers built a temple in the year 1888, they refused to obey the tradition that this temple was built by Brahmins alone. Growing up, he hated this kind of temple rituals and tradition of his village and traveled far apart, living pure ascetic life in a peaceful environment. Following this, he became a teacher in a local school. And then, he became a religious reformer.
He composed ‘ Atmopadesa satakam’ in Malayalam, which is considered as a masterpiece. He considers Amba as his divine and settled in a peaceful place at sivagiri where he pursued Sadhana, yoga and some spiritual practice. He started a school in Varkala in the motive of giving free education to all the poor and downtrodden people around the village. The poor people are given education irrespective of caste. Under his management, few temples were constructed at many places namely Calicut, Mangalore, Kannur, Thrissur, Anchathengu, and Tellichery. Notably, a beautiful temple was built at Sharada Devi at sivagiri in the year 1912.
Organizing sivagiri pilgrimage was the idea of his followers includes TK Kittan writer, Mooloor, and S.padmanabha panicker. Narayan Guru approved this proposal but it was not started until 1932. Later, first Sivagiri pilgrimage was founded in Pathanamthitta District.
The pilgrimage was organized in many villages with the goal of promoting agriculture, trade, education, technical training, handicrafts, cleanliness, social equality, National integration and similar endeavors. He encourages teachers and writer to make a series of lectures and teach them about these ideas. His last event was the Palluruthy event in 1927, which was the final anniversary of S.N.D.P yoga. He falls ill in September 1928 and remained in bed for a long time. On 20th September 1928, he passed away.