Mannam Jayanthi is celebrated to pay respect to Mannathu Padmanabha Pillai who was a social reformer and also a freedom fighter. He was born on 2nd January 1878 and died on 25th February 1970. He was from the state of Kerala and on his birth date, there is a government holiday declared. He is also recognized as the Nair Service Society, which represents the Nair Community and about 14.5% of the state comprises of the Nair Population. He was a visionary and he has also organized the Nair Community under NSS.
Mannathu Padmanabhan was born on in British India in Travancore. He started his career as a teacher in a government Primary School and after few years he started practicing law in the courts. Mannathu started the Nair Service Society on 31st October 1914 with the help of others and his main aim was to uplift the Nair Society and the community. He gave up the law in the year 1915 and became the secretary of the Nair Service Society. He also revamped and revised the old concept of the Village Societies and modernized it. He also fought for social equality and demanded public roads, temples to be opened for low caste Hindus. He also taught equality and believed in gender equality. He remained the secretary of the NSS for 31 years and was its president for three years.
On 2nd January every year, there is a public holiday in Kerala and people organize fete and other events to pay respect to him. The Mannam Jayanthi is celebrated with joy and the chief minister or other high profile people inaugurate the occasion and mark the beginning of the day. Mannathu Padmanabhan died on 25th February 1970, because of old age complications and he was 92 years old. He is also considered as the moral guide and reformer of the Nair community.