Mahatma Gandhi is known as the “Father of the Nation.” He has traveled a long way which led to attain the independence of the country. Starting from being a Civil Rights activist in 1893 in South Africa and spending 21 years in the country, he was the motivator behind ‘Satyagraha’ movement and many other revolutionary activities. Mahatma Gandhi led the way to nonviolent protest and urged them to leave India thereby making the country independent. Indian attained ‘Purna Swaraj’ after gaining independence. He joined Congress in 1915 and returned to India.
Gandhi was conferred the title Mahatma by Rabindranath Tagore. Gandhi played an important part when India faced hard days during partition. Gandhi consistently stood by the side of his countrymen and appealed for peace. Gandhi motivated his countrymen and encouraged them to use ‘khaadi’ instead of foreign goods. This was a great step taken by this apt leader which led the first step in India’s economic stabilization. Gandhi’s concept of the Dandi march was to allow growing salt without paying tax to the Government. He started with 78 people at Sabarmati Ashram near Ahmedabad, who intended to march 240miles to the coastal village of Dandi. Mahatma Gandhi inspired many young enthusiasts to walk the path of sacrifice, nonviolence, and air the voice of protest. Although he had differences with other freedom fighters, still he respected his way of nonviolent revolt.
Mohandas Karam Chand Gandhi, who is popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi is has been conferred the title, ‘Bapu’ whose birth anniversary on 2nd October is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti. This is declared a National day for India. Gandhi was killed by Nathuram Godse, a right advocate, and associate of Mahatma Gandhi, who shot him three times in his chest at point blank. Gandhi breathed his last whole he chanted ‘ Hey Raam’ in Delhi on 30th January 1948.