Buddha Purnima is the popular festival which is celebrated every year on the mark of his birthday. His birthday falls on the full moon day hence it is known as Buddha Poornima. It is also known as Buddha day, Buddha Jayanthi and Vesak. It is believed as he was born on this full moon day in Lumbini, now called as Nepal around 563 BC. After his birth, Asita, an astrologer went to the king Suddhodhana and predicted his son’s future and telling that Buddha will become a sage after seeing the outside world. King Suddhodhana worried about his son and he doesn’t let him outside the palace. He keeps his son safe inside the palace. But, when Buddha was 29, he came out from the palace and went through all places in this city where he saw people suffering from feelings and sorrow. He came across a holy man who seemed at peace. On seeing such holy man, he decided to become a sage and believed that he will get a peaceful mind. Following this, he sacrificed his royal life and planned to accept the path of Spirituality and asceticism.
According to the legends, Buddha Purnima is not just the day Buddha was born but also the auspicious day when he attained Salvation under the Bodhi tree at the Bodh Gaya. Buddha Purnima is an auspicious day and hence any work done on this day gives a good result. On this special day, Buddhist will celebrate his birthday by teaching the life and principles of Lord Buddha. The devotees take the traditional bath and go to the temple to offer prayers. They used to recite slogan and mantras of Lord Buddha. Some devotees keep fasting throughout this day. Most devotees eat simple fruits & vegetables and meditate or recite his mantra. Then, they take part in charity by donating food and clothes to the poor and needy. Devotees decorate his idol with beautiful flowers and expose their immense love.
Buddha Purnima is celebrated in many countries like South Korea, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, and Japan. It is widely believed that he was born in Gaya. So, the number of devotees gathered together in Gaya, Sarnath, and Kushinagar during his birth anniversary. The Buddha Purnima starts at 1 Am on May 10 to 3.12 PM on May 11.
His followers are called as Buddhists who propagated the religion called Buddhism. The term ‘Buddha’ was related to many religion in the ancient times but it literally denotes Buddhism and its leader Gautama Buddha. Buddism propagates five disciplines of Buddha. Some of this forms are meditation, yoga, and acetic. Each discipline differs but all works on the principle of karma. The original name of Gautama Buddha is Siddhartha who restored peace on the earth. His name Buddha was derived from a Sanskrit word Gautama which means awakened one. He was really a great divine who awakened inner peace on the earth. His birth Anniversary is celebrated by Buddhist across the world, commemorating his birthday.